In general, data are complete, recent and reliably comparable across countries. Wind: Harnessing the wind as a source of energy started more than 7,000 years ago. Energy production from non-renewable municipal wastes was deducted from the contribution of biomass to heating and electricity generation. Above all, the European Green Deal sets a path for a transition that is just and socially fair. The latest data for 2005 shows a small variation with respect to data available during the preparation and adoption of the Directive in 2007-2008. From solar to wind, find out more about alternative energy, the fastest-growing source of energy in the worldâand how we can use it to combat climate change. All of those factors have contributed to a renewable energy renaissance in recent years, with wind and solar setting new records for electricity generation. The electric power sector accounted for about 56% of total U.S. renewable energy consumption in 2019, and about 17% of total U.S. electricity generation was from renewable energy sources. 33 Around 850 utilities in the U.S. offer consumers the option to purchase renewable energy, or “green power.” 34 The first U.S. offshore wind farm opened in 2016 in Rhode Island, and other offshore projects are gaining momentum. But biomass can raise thorny issues. Renewable Energy is no longer a niche sector of novel technologies, and we have now implemented renewable energy to a scale where it is expected to provide 50% of global power in the next few decades. The EU seeks to have a 20 % share of its gross final energy consumption from renewable sources by 2020; this target is distributed between the EU Member States with national action plans designed to plot a pathway for the development of renewable energies in each of the Member States. As a consequence of the Renewable Energy Directive, countries are monitoring much closer the flows of renewable energy commodities in their economies. For this reason, the time period that fossil fuels formed (about 360-300 million years ago) is called the Carboniferous Period. The growth in electricity generated from renewable energy sources during the period 2009 to 2019 largely reflects an expansion in three renewable energy sources across the EU, principally wind power, but also solar power and solid biofuels (including renewable wastes). This will allow Europe to keep its leadership role in the fight against climate change, in the clean energy transition and in meeting the goals set by the Paris Agreement. Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy. This means that the growth in electricity from solar power has been dramatic, rising from just 7.4 TWh in 2008 to 125.7 TWh in 2019. In 2019, 22 EU-27 Member States registered an increase in the average share of energy from renewable sources in transport compared with 2018, with the largest increases observed for Finland (+3.6 percentage points (pp)), Croatia (+3.3 pp), the Netherlands (+2.9 pp) and Slovenia (+2.5 pp). Given the 15-year normalisation requirement for hydro power production and the availability of energy statistics (for the EU, starting from 1990), long time series of this indicator are not available. In 2019, renewable energy accounted for 22.1 % of total energy use for heating and cooling in the EU-27, increasing from 11.7 % in 2004. renewable energy facts, ... popular sentiment toward developing home-grown renewable energy sources. The term often also encompasses biomass as well, whose carbon neutral status is under debate. geothermal power station. With more than half of energy from renewable sources in its gross final consumption of energy, Sweden (56.4 %) had by far the highest share among the EU Member States in 2019, ahead of Finland (43.1 %), Latvia (41.0 %), Denmark (37.2 %) and Austria (33.6 %). Among the EU-27 Member States the share of energy from renewable sources in heating and cooling was more than half in Sweden (66.1 %), Latvia (57.8 %), Finland (57.5 %) and Estonia (52.3 %). Facts and Figures Renewable energy resources alone are not sufficient to meet the predicted dramatic increase in energy demands through 2030. In 2019, renewable energy represented 19.7 % of energy consumed in the EU-27, only 0.3 % short of the 2020 target of 20 %. Croatia, France, Lithuania and Hungary). This page was last modified on 19 January 2021, at 10:36. Global warming is one symptom of climate change, the term scientists now prefer to describe the complex shifts affecting our planetâs weather and climate systems. Hydropower generation is vulnerable to silt buildup, which can compromise capacity and harm equipment. For the purpose of calculating the share of renewable energy in heating and cooling, final consumption of energy from renewable sources is defined as the final consumption of renewable energy in industry, households, services, agriculture, forestry and fisheries for heating and cooling purposes, plus district heating produced from renewables. This article provides recent statistics on the share of energy from renewable sources overall and in three consumption sectors (electricity, heating and cooling, and transport) in the European Union (EU). Now, electricity-generating wind turbines are proliferating around the globe, and China, the U.S., and Germany are the leading wind energy producers. All fossil fuels formed in a similar way. Climate change encompasses not only rising average temperatures but also extreme weather events, shifting wildlife populations and habitats, rising seas, and a range of other impacts. Of course, renewablesâlike any source of energyâhave their own trade-offs and associated debates. Solar, wind, hydropower, and other renewable energy sources currently account for a small share of global energy. Aside from combating climate change through a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, the use of renewable energy sources is likely to result in more secure energy supplies, greater diversity in energy supply, less air pollution, as well as the possibility for job creation in environmental and renewable energy sectors. There are many benefits to using renewable energy resources, but what is it exactly? This indicator may be considered as an estimate for the purpose of monitoring Directive 2009/28/EC on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources — however, the statistical system in some countries for specific renewable energy technologies is not yet fully developed to meet the requirements of this Directive; for example, ambient heat energy for heat pumps is not reported by many countries. Scopri Renewable Energy - The Facts di Witzel, Walter, Seifried, Dieter: spedizione gratuita per i clienti Prime e per ordini a partire da 29€ spediti da Amazon. 5 Fast Facts about Hydrogen and Fuel Cells. For the past 150 years or so, humans have relied heavily on coal, oil, and other fossil fuels to power everything from light bulbs to cars to factories. The share of electricity from renewable energy sources is defined as the ratio between electricity produced from renewable energy sources and gross national electricity consumption. More details on the share of energy from renewable sources in transport can be found in Table 4. List item. The share of energy from renewable sources in heating and cooling is presented in Figure 3. In some countries consumption of biofuels and bioliquids in the period 2011-2015 were not certified as compliant (sustainable) due to late implementation of Directive 2009/28/EC. Like solar power, biomass is a flexible energy source, able to fuel vehicles, heat buildings, and produce electricity. Due to Covid-19, there are currently restrictions on travels to and from Sweden. Six countries are near their targets: Hungary, Austria and Portugal at 0.4 percentage points (pp) from their national targets, Germany (0.6 pp), Malta (1.5 pp) and Spain (1.6 pp). EU countries' plans for meeting their 2020 renewable energy obligations. Categories Alternative Energy (205) See all of our videos about renewable energy here. Another problem with wind turbines is that theyâre a danger for birds and bats, killing hundreds of thousands annually, not as many as from glass collisions and other threats like habitat loss and invasive species, but enough that engineers are working on solutions to make them safer for flying wildlife. As part of the Green Deal, the Commission will refocus the European Semester process of macroeconomic coordination to integrate the United Nations’ sustainable development goals, to put sustainability and the well-being of citizens at the centre of economic policy, and the sustainable development goals at the heart of the EU’s policymaking and action. As greenhouse gases trap heat in the atmosphere that would otherwise escape into space, average temperatures on the surface are rising. There are five main forms of renewable energy: solar, wind, water, biofuel and geothermal (heat from the earth). WATCH: Taller than the Statue of Liberty, these wind turbines journeyed across the sea. On a large scale, underground reservoirs of steam and hot water can be tapped through wells that can go a mile deep or more to generate electricity. Drought can also cause problems. All energy sources have some impact on our environment. So let’s take the blinders off and open our eyes to 10 amazing facts about renewable energy that everyone should know. Worldwide biofuel production has increased,Â with the main source being corn-based ethanol. Energy sources are either renewable, meaning they can easily be replenished, or nonrenewable, meaning they draw on finite resources.Learn about renewable energy resources and how we can use nonrenewable energy sources more efficiently. The average share of energy from renewable sources in transport increased from 1.6 % in 2004 to 8.9 % in 2019. The Renewable Energy Directive sets rules for the EU to achieve its 20% renewables target by 2020. When looking at the national targets, fourteen Member States have already surpassed their targets for 2020. In January 2014, the European Commission put forward a set of energy and climate goals for 2030 with the aim of encouraging private investment in infrastructure and low-carbon technologies. Cities, states, and federal governments around the world are instituting policies aimed at increasing renewable energy. By contrast, still quite far from their national targets are France (5.8 pp), the Netherlands (5.2 pp), as well as Ireland and Luxembourg (both 4.0 pp). Hydropower is the world's biggest source of renewable energy by far, with China, Brazil, Canada, the U.S., and Russia the leading hydropower producers. The Hidden Costs of Turning Food Into Fuel. On a smaller scale, some buildings have geothermal heat pumps that use temperature differences several feet below ground for heating and cooling. Dams aren't the only way to use water for power: Tidal and wave energy projects around the world aim to capture the ocean's natural rhythms. * This designation is without prejudice to positions on status, and is in line with UNSCR 1244/1999 and the ICJ Opinion on the Kosovo declaration of independence. Prepare yourself for our top 10 must-know renewable energy facts... 1. The total final consumption for heating and cooling is the final consumption of all energy commodities, except electricity, for purposes other than transport, plus the consumption of heat for own use at electricity and heat plants and heat losses in networks. Figure 1 shows the latest data available for the share of renewable energies in gross final energy consumption and the targets that have been set for 2020. A report on the sustainability of solid and gaseous biofuels used for electricity, heating and cooling (SWD(2014) 259) was adopted in July 2014. The consumption of electricity from renewable sources was also high in Denmark (65 %), Portugal (54 %) and Latvia (53 %), accounting for more than half of electricity consumed. Critics of corn-based ethanol, for example, say it competes with the food market for corn and supports the same harmful agricultural practices that have led to toxic algae blooms and other environmental hazards. "Everything from Solar Panels & Wind Turbines down to Wire & Fuse!" But "renewable" doesn't necessarily mean sustainable, as opponents of corn-based ethanol or large hydropower dams often argue. Even hydropower at full capacity bears its own emissions problems, as decaying organic material in reservoirs releases methane. The Communication proposes five dimensions for the strategy, one of which is decarbonising the economy. At the other side of the scale, the EU-27 Member States with a share of energy from renewable sources in heating and cooling of less than 10 % were Ireland (6.3 %), the Netherlands (7.1 %), Belgium (8.3 %) and Luxembourg (8.7 %), see Table 3. But a look at ... tells a different tale. The use of renewable energy has many potential benefits, including a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, the diversification of energy supplies and a reduced dependency on fossil fuel markets (in particular, oil and gas). The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) produces comprehensive, reliable data sets on renewable energy capacity and use worldwide. Large dams can disrupt river ecosystems and surrounding communities, harming wildlife and displacing residents. The EU agreed to set a common target of 10 % for the share of renewable energy (including liquid biofuels, hydrogen, biomethane, ‘green’ electricity, etc.) world's biggest source of renewable energy, disrupt river ecosystems and surrounding communities, object to how wind turbines look on the horizon, other offshore projects are gaining momentum, energy capacity from photovoltaic panels increased a whopping 4,300 percent, geothermal energy is derived from the Earthâs internal heat. Measures accompanied with an initial roadmap of key policies range from ambitiously cutting emissions, to investing in cutting-edge research and innovation, to preserving Europe’s natural environment. Types of renewable energy sources Hydropower: For centuries, people have harnessed the energy of river currents, using dams to control water flow. From 2001 to 2017, cumulative wind capacity around the world increased to more than 539,000 megawatts from 23,900 mwâmore than 22 fold. Industry and energy together account for 20% of water demand. Non è possibile visualizzare una descrizione perché il sito non lo consente. It is designed in such a way as to leave no individual or region behind in the great transformation ahead. Renewable energy sources come from natural sources and can be replenished. In February 2015, the European Commission set out its plans for a framework strategy for a resilient energy union with a forward-looking climate change policy in a Communication (COM(2015) 80 final). In addition to solar panels, which convert the sun's light to electricity, concentrating solar power (CSP) plants use mirrors to concentrate the sun's heat, deriving thermal energy instead. Renewable energy comes from renewable resources. In 2019, renewable energy sources made up 34 % of gross electricity consumption in the EU-27, slightly up from 32 % in 2018. This includes hydro power plants (excluding hydro power electricity produced from pumped storage plants using water previously pumped uphill), as well as electricity generated from solid biofuels/wastes, wind, solar and geothermal installations. Unlike solar and wind energy, geothermal energy is always available, but it has side effects that need to be managed, such as the rotten egg smell that can accompany released hydrogen sulfide. Solar thermal energy is also being used worldwide for hot water, heating, and cooling. The Directive changes the legal framework for promoting renewable electricity, requires national action plans to show how renewable energies will be developed in each EU Member State, creates cooperation mechanisms, and establishes sustainability criteria for liquid biofuels (following concerns over their potential adverse effects on crop prices, food supply, forest protection, biodiversity, water and soil resources). To achieve this, on 11 December 2019 the European Commission presented the European Green Deal (COM(2019) 640 final), the most ambitious package of measures that should enable European citizens and businesses to benefit from sustainable green transition. The new regulatory framework includes a binding renewable energy target for the EU for 2030 of 32 % with an upwards revision clause by 2023. The journal aims to be a leading peer-reviewed platform and an authoritative source of original research and reviews related to renewable energy. Although renewable facilities require upfront investments to build, they can then operate at very low cost (for most clean energy technologies, the “fuel” is free). All rights reserved. One of them centers on the definition of renewable energy. #1: Renewable energy is a form of clean energy that is provided by natural sources present in nature. For updated information on what applies to your country, please visit krisinformation.se, official emergency information from Swedish authorities. Hydropower: For centuries, people have harnessed the energy of river currents, using dams to control water flow. This page has been accessed 430,776 times. Renewable energy sources include wind power, solar power (thermal, photovoltaic and concentrated), hydro power, tidal power, geothermal energy, ambient heat captured by heat pumps, biofuels and the renewable part of waste . But Croatia is not the only case. The Public Renewable Energy Finance Flows shown in these tables present an overview of investment transactions for renewable energies from selected public financial institutions. At the opposite end of the scale, the lowest proportions of renewables were registered in Luxembourg (7.0 %), Malta (8.5 %), the Netherlands (8.8 %) and Belgium (9.9 %). All calculations take into account specific provisions as in place in Directive 2009/28/EC following its amendment by Directive (EU) 2015/1513 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 September 2015 amending Directive 98/70/EC relating to the quality of petrol and diesel fuels and amending Directive 2009/28/EC on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources. At the other end of the scale, the share of electricity from renewable sources was 10 % or less in Malta (8 %), Cyprus, Luxembourg and Hungary (all 10 %), see Table 2. Renewable energy is an increasingly important part of California’s clean energy future. For more detailed definition, please see SHARES tool manual. National renewable energy action plans 2020. The share of energy from renewable sources used in transport activities in the EU-27 reached 8.9 % in 2019. The growing sector creates jobs, makes electric grids more resilient, expands energy access in developing countries, and helps lower energy bills. These objectives are seen as a step towards meeting the greenhouse gas emissions targets for 2050 put forward in the Roadmap for moving to a competitive low-carbon economy in 2050 (COM (2011) 112 final). Data for the period 2004-2010: Directive 2009/28/EC did not yet exist or had not been transposed into national legislation. Renewable Energy covers research in the following areas: Biomass Conversion Geothermal: Used for thousands of years in some countries for cooking and heating, geothermal energy is derived from the Earthâs internal heat. In 2019, renewable energy provided about 11.5 quadrillion British thermal units (Btu)—1 quadrillion is the number 1 followed by 15 zeros—equal to 11.4% of total U.S. energy consumption. Becoming the world’s first climate-neutral continent by 2050 is the objective behind the European Green Deal (COM(2019) 640 final), the very ambitious package of measures that should enable European citizens and businesses to benefit from sustainable green transition. It was decided that for the years 2004-2010 all biofuels and bioliquids would be counted towards the numerator of the share of energy from renewable sources. Changes are due to revisions in data sets transmitted by reporting countries in response to annual energy questionnaires. Try the new automatic translation by clicking on the blue icon “Translate” up in the right corner of the article! On 11 December 2018, the EU adopted Directive 2018/2001/EU on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources. List item. Renewable Energy Statistics 2020 provides data sets on power-generation capacity for 2010-2019, actual power generation for 2010-2018 and renewable energy balances for over 130 countries and areas for 2017-2018. Share of renewable energy more than doubled between 2004 and 2019, Wind and water provide most renewable electricity; solar is the fastest-growing energy source, Over one fifth of energy used for heating and cooling from renewable sources, 8.9% of renewable energy used in transport activities in 2019, Renewable energy: a major player in the European energy market, Roadmap for moving to a competitive low-carbon economy in 2050, sustainability of solid and gaseous biofuels used for electricity, heating and cooling, Calculation methodologies for the share of renewables in energy consumption, Electricity production, consumption and market overview, Shedding light on energy in the EU - A guided tour of energy statistics (2020 edition), Energy, transport and environment statistics (2020 edition), Sustainable development in the European Union — Monitoring report on progress towards the SDGs in an EU context (2020 edition), Share of energy from renewable sources (nrg_ind_ren), European Commission — Directorate-General for Energy — Renewable energy, International Energy Agency (IEA) — Renewable energy, Concerted Action on Renewable Energy Sources Directive, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php?title=Renewable_energy_statistics&oldid=512147. Becoming the world’s first climate-neutral continent by 2050 is the greatest challenge and opportunity of our times. While the share of renewable energy as a whole is increasing since 2004, between 2010 and 2011 its share in transport decreased. Swedes use 54.5% renewable energy. Fossil fuels are embedded in nearly everything we do, and as a result, the greenhouse gases released from the burning of those fuels have reached historically high levels. Renewable energy directive. Renewables, including solar, wind, hydro, biofuels and others, are at the centre of the transition to a less carbon-intensive and more sustainable energy system. As some countries have not yet fully implemented all provisions of the Renewable Energy Directive, some biofuels and bioliquids are not counted as compliant (sustainable) in the period 2011-2015. It also doesn't encompass other low- or zero-emissions resources that have their own advocates, including energy efficiency and nuclear power. Even without climate change, fossil fuels are a finite resource, and if we want our lease on the planet to be renewed, our energy will have to be renewable. Only reported compliant biofuels and bioliquids are counted towards the respective shares of renewables. This positive development has been prompted by the legally binding targets for increasing the share of energy from renewable sources enacted by Directive 2009/28/EC on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources. At least 29 U.S. states have set renewable portfolio standardsâpolicies that mandate a certain percentage of energy from renewable sources, More than 100 cities worldwide now boast at least 70 percent renewable energy, and still others are making commitments to reach 100 percent. From that year onwards, the calculation of the share of energy from renewable sources will follow the accounting rules set down in Directive 2018/2001/EU on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources. One of the key targets proposed is for the share of renewable energy to reach at least 27 % by 2030. They are made by burning fossil fuels to create energy. Some people may object to how wind turbines look on the horizon and to how they sound, but wind energy, whose prices are declining, is proving too valuable a resource to deny. To improve accuracy and consistency with national statistics in calculating renewable energy shares, national calorific values were used, where available, for converting quantities of all energy products into energy units, instead of the default calorific values. Due to revision of data for biomass consumption in households, the updated data for Croatia indicates that its consumption of energy from renewable sources is above its 2020 target since 2004 (the first year for which values are available). No matter where you live, scientist Mark Jacobson believes it's possible. It is also the world's third country by installed wind power capacity, at 59 GW in 2018, and second for offshore wind, with over 4 GW. Marine energy projects currently generate an estimated 500 megawatts of powerâless than one percent of all renewablesâbut the potential is far greater. It is different from fossil fuels as it does not produce as many greenhouse gases and other pollutants as fossil fuel combustion.. People have used traditional wind power, hydropower, biofuel, and solar energy for many centuries, all around the world. 2020 National Geographic Partners, LLC. The statistics presented in this article are based on data compiled in accordance with accounting rules set down in the Directive 2009/28/EC on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources and calculated on the basis of energy statistics covered by Regulation (EC) No 1099/2008 on energy statistics, most recently amended in November 2019 by Regulation (EU) No 2019/2146. In the decade from 2007 and 2017 the world's total installed energy capacity from photovoltaic panels increased a whopping 4,300 percent. Among the EU-27 Member States, more than 70 % of electricity consumed in 2019 was generated from renewable sources in Austria (75 %) and Sweden (71 %). Due to revisions in data sets transmitted by reporting countries in response to annual questionnaires. Can play a key role in tackling climate change of which is decarbonising the.. First U.S. offshore wind farm opened in 2016 in Rhode Island, and building efficiency standards their targets 2020... Had not been transposed into National legislation ( 35 % each ) electricity across the sea energy efficiency nuclear! Are instituting policies aimed at increasing renewable energy that everyone should know its share in fuel., one of which is decarbonising the economy 2020 National Geographic Partners, LLC production increased... 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