michigan rabies law for cats

Sadly, rabies concerns are often brought up when a community is deciding on policies for cats, which often lead to the senseless deaths of countless healthy animals. Exemptions to rabies vaccination. Local animal control and law enforcement officials are responsible for enforcement of laws related to animal bites. Vaccination is the only sure way to keep your cat from contracting rabies and, in many states, it is the law. (Read more), To prevent rabies in a person that has potentially been exposed to rabies, a series of injections must be initiated and completed. It is important to quickly and accurately identify rabies in animals that may have exposed a person or a pet, in order to provide for the timely administration of post-exposure treatment. In humans, a number of tests are required to diagnose rabies before death has occurred. NEVER adopt wild animals or bring them into your house. Rabies is a fatal virus that attacks the central nervous system. Any penetration of the skin by teeth is a bite exposure. Unlike stray domesticated cats, feral cats are born in the wild and should be treated as wild animals. In animals, rabies is diagnosed by looking for the virus in brain tissue using the direct fluorescent antibody (DFA) test. In the U.S., all 50 states require vaccination for rabies. Rabies 1 year - $10. endobj Unlike dogs, cats don’t have to be vaccinated against rabies, licensed or restrained in Michigan - leaving counties and cities on their own to decide how cats and their owners should be treated under the law. Tightly cap garbage cans. Michigan health officials confirm rabies in pet cat Health officials say pet owners should have their dogs and cats vaccinated against the rabies virus. Please note, all suspected exposures must be reported to MDOL immediately. The Rabies Exposure Assessment Tree can be used as a guide for suspected rabies exposure in dogs, cats and ferrets. In the continental United States, rabies among dogs is reported sporadically in states where there is reported rabies in wildlife. Rabies vaccine clinic Allegan County Animal Shelter is hosting a low-cost rabies vaccine and microchip clinic from 11 a.m. to 2 p.m. Saturday, May 22, for dogs and cats. 1. •Within 96 hours of exposure: Rabies vaccine booster, and strict quarantine for 4 months for dogs and cats, 6 months for ferrets and livestock. Cޤp3ǀyL�y8��uF�{YgdU��p�xi���FI�_`�p>�, �� u��Ƙ;0� G��Y23�t"�0P,[0l��Q�M6i�u��(Y/W���/��+0��C>��24��-Ƿ���ظƚ_��}d�I�%�#��;���z�A�˩xk�U����M�-0�B*r���~,^�=bm �����w�g���{�;�� ��L �k������^Ə2��P�J���1��w&[�Bt��)ݦBX`�mm�i�`�I����V�`��4.�j�V;,�R^P_. Please note, all suspected exposures must be reported to MDOL immediately. No person in the United States has ever contracted rabies from … (In addition to a dramatically lowered life expectancy, there is an increased risk of disease.) Core vaccines for cats: Rabies – considered a core vaccine when required by law or wherever rabies is present; Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis (FVR) – herpes virus; Feline Panleukopenia (FP) – feline distemper; Feline Calicivirus (FCV) Noncore vaccines are given to certain cats based on factors such as lifestyle, environment and general health. A routine vaccination schedule is important in keeping dogs and cats safe from many common canine and feline diseases. What Pet Owners Need to Know About Rabies Vaccinations in New York State (Effective November 20, 2002, this information sheet must be provided by pet dealers to consumers upon point of sale of cats, d ogs, and ferrets.) During the month of January, I will be writing about topics related to dog and cat vaccination. Vaccination is important for keeping your pet from getting rabies, but it also provides a barrier of protection for you if a wild animal bites your pet. We have general guidelines, but your vet can help you determine the optimal rabies vaccination schedule. Laws regarding rabies vaccination of animals are not consistent throughout the United States. Rabies is spread when the virus is introduced into a bite wound, open cuts in skin, or onto mucous membranes such as the eyes, nose, or mouth. However, any mammal can become infected if they are exposed. In Michigan, dogs and ferrets must be vaccinated for rabies. Rendered Wednesday, December 30, 2020 Page 1 Michigan Compiled Laws Complete Through PA 249 of 2020 Legislative Council, State of Michigan Courtesy of www.legislature.mi.gov Michigan law requires that dogs and ferrets be vaccinated for rabies; and it's advised for cats. Rabies disease in animals is similar to the disease in people. Rabies vaccination is required by law in most states and provinces. (Read more). Under Indiana law, all dogs, cats and ferrets older than 3 months of age must be vaccinated against the rabies virus. If your pet is bitten by a wild animal, seek veterinary assistance immediately. Rabies vaccines are very effective and are usually given to kittens at three to four months of age. In Michigan, the most common wildlife species to contract rabies are bats, accounting for 67% to 100% of the rabies cases in the state during the period 1990 to 2006. In Michigan, dogs and ferrets must be vaccinated for rabies. What Pet Owners Need to Know About Rabies Vaccinations in New York State (Effective November 20, 2002, this information sheet must be provided by pet dealers to consumers upon point of sale of cats, d ogs, and ferrets.) It is most commonly transmitted when a rabid animal bites another animal or person. Rabies vaccination of cats is important for your safety as well as your cats. Do not attempt to capture or feed feral cats. In situations where a bat has been in close contact with people, if possible, safely confine the bat and contact your local health department to determine if it should be tested for rabies or can be let go. Keep vaccinations up-to-date for all dogs, cats, ferrets, horses, cattle, and sheep. What animals can get rabies? For clients whose animal has up-to-date rabies vaccinations Dogs, Cats, and Ferrets. How much is a rabies shot human? Florida West’s F.S.A. Cats, dogs and ferrets If you were bitten by a cat, dog, or ferret that appeared healthy at the time you were bitten, it can be confined by its owner for 10 days and observed. Residents from any community may bring their dogs or cats to this clinic. In addition, Multnomah County requires all cats to be vaccinated for rabies. x��ْ��}���(�v9 d�J�vlW�Z{7�'�s�3Ҭ��L����Lw��Dp�}�j���h4�x�f����;�O�x��勛b��z�i����O��Ň��v��n׫����>��ȗ����޾�}9?� �e,�/�O��ަ8?����:? 1. What are the signs of rabies in a person? There have been fewer than 10 reports of human survival from rabies disease, and only two of those had no previous treatment for rabies. Call animal control for assistance in these situations. The Oakland County Health Department confirmed that a cat in Birmingham was diagnosed with the rabies virus, and officials are urging pet owners to have their dogs and cats vaccinated. If contact with either of these materials has occurred, the exposure should be evaluated by a healthcare provider to determine if treatment to prevent rabies is necessary. A case of rabies has been confirmed in a pet cat in Michigan. there is a licensed rabies vaccine . All dogs and cats … FVRCP Vaccination - $10 State law does not require cats to have the rabies vaccinations, but municipalities generally include cats along with dogs in their rabies regulations and also require a certification saying the pet has been vaccinated when registering a pet with the municipality and receiving a license for the animal. Counties are placed under a 60-day quarantine when rabies is confirmed in a terrestrial animal such as a dog, cat, skunk, etc. ... Vaccination of dogs, cats, and ferrets is required by law. If testing can be performed within a day or two of exposure, it may save a patient from unnecessary medical treatment and the associated financial burden, if the animal is not rabid. Revaccinate immediately, and 2. Rabies disease can be prevented however, with prompt treatment following possible exposure to the virus. ... call your local law enforcement agency then notify the Health Division at 248-858-1286. the Michigan Compiled Laws as amended,), and Act 368 of the Public Acts of 1978, being Section 333.1101333.25211 of the Michigan Compiled La- ws, and Act 207 of the Public Acts of 1970, as amended, being 287.291 of the Michigan Compiled Laws- , constitute State Law for the regulation for dogs. endobj Available when owners show proof of a previous rabies vaccination. That is why it is essential that we keep our pets protected with consistent rabies vaccines. <>/ExtGState<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> KCASE is mandated by law to follow this protocol for Kalamazoo County. For this reason, rabies infection in vaccinated dogs/cats, even among those having received a single dose, is exceptionally rare. Dogs, cats, and ferrets that are currently vaccinated with a USDA-licensed rabies vaccine should be revaccinated immediately, kept under the owner’s control, and observed for 45 days. A case of rabies has been confirmed in a pet cat in Michigan. Animal bites should be reported to the local health department. Required by law for all cats 12 weeks old and older. Rather, standard guidelines recommend giving the pet a rabies vaccine (booster) and having the animal observed by their owner for a period of 45 days. This year, it is set for 2 to 4 p.m. April 25 at Woodhaven City Hall, 21869 Hall Road. Out of all the rabies cases reported to the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than 90% involved wild mammals—especially bats, raccoons, and skunks. Learn about rabies in bats and other animals, how to prevent rabies, and what to do if bitten or scratched by an animal. Do not approach, handle, feed, or unintentionally attract wild animals with food, open garbage cans or litter. Rabies vaccine is also recommended for all cats and any domestic livestock in contact with the public should be vaccinated if a licensed vaccine exists. Nonbite exposures rarely cause rabies, but such exposures should be evaluated to determine if rabies treatment is necessary to prevent rabies infection. A Republican lawmaker, who also is a veterinarian, has introduced a bill that would require cats to be vaccinated against the disease. In cats, they are panleukopenia, calicivirus, rhinotracheitis (herpesvirus), and rabies as required by law. An animal control officer or a law enforcement officer of the state shall issue a citation, summons or appearance ticket for a violation of this act. Many wild and exotic species make poor pets. The Michigan Humane Protect-A-Pet clinics offer low-cost, age-appropriate vaccinations against Distemper, Parvovirus, Rabies and other deadly diseases as well as low-cost microchipping for dogs and cats of pet owners. This vaccine is valid for 3 years instead of the usual 1. Typically death occurs within days after the onset of these symptoms. In Michigan, rabies most commonly occurs in bats, therefore, prevent bats from entering living quarters or occupied spaces in homes, churches, schools, or other similar settings where they might come in contact with people and pets. Call your local animal control agency to remove any stray animals from your neighborhood. For people who have never received rabies vaccinations in the past, treatment must include the administration of both rabies antibody (rabies immune globulin, or HRIG) and vaccine. What is rabies? 2. FVRCP Vaccination - $10 2 0 obj Michigan law requires that dogs and ferrets must be vaccinated for rabies and it is recommended that all cats and any domestic livestock in contact with the public be vaccinated if a licensed vaccine exists. Rabies vaccine clinic Allegan County Animal Shelter is hosting a low-cost rabies vaccine and microchip clinic from 11 a.m. to 2 p.m. Saturday, May 22, for dogs and cats. And, if a dog bites someone and is quarantined, Ohio law requires that it must be currently vaccinated against rabies before being released. Please contact local animal control or professional pest services for assistance in capturing a wild animal. – The Michigan Department of Agriculture’s (MDA) State Veterinarian Dr. Steven Halstead today urged Michigan citizens to be pro-active and have their pets and livestock vaccinated against rabies and other diseases after confirmation that a horse in Lapeer County tested positive for rabies. Cats at 4 months of age. Rabies is a highly contagious viral disease that is virtually always fatal in pets, and highly lethal among humans. Animals are not considered immunized for at least 28 days after the initial or primary vaccination is administered. The State of Michigan has put in place a Protocol for the tracking and prevention of Rabies. Required by law for all cats 12 weeks old and older. Exposed dog/cat/ferret/livestock does NOT have current rabies vaccination 1. The usual approach is to test the kitten for feline leukemia at the time of initial vaccination to ensure the cat is not harboring the virus. Dogs and cats also need to have their DHPP and FVRCP vaccines, respectively. Testing of human samples must be coordinated through the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, and must be approved by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, where the specialized testing is performed. {����������� �2hrOp���t@�(��-t�]�_���/�g�μ�?�Oߟ�} ��t~6�� ��"��8�i)��?��.z��v�ۭ��9��z�;��1�ďa4IBc�� Rabies is a viral disease typically found in wild animals—most commonly raccoons, bats, skunks and foxes. (1)shall, in the case of a cat or dog, release it to the owner or person charged with its care, provided the owner or person charged with the care of the animal provides proof of ownership, which may include a valid cat or dog license, registration, rabies inoculation certificate, or documentation from the owner's veterinarian that the cat or dog has received regular care from that veterinarian; ���_���朎'&��O��F��*��� ���y4w��dp�`���a�z8C�\�2?���k{�A�-D4��&�M����E�@F�f`��+s�S"��n��2�KR�a5���3������`�e�͢����S������i�W?�&�Q������N��4Tuh�Z\�9� ��xhB�� �Z'"�R��QK�9X�2�Y;Q��;��ڀ�S�?�:9 DN���&:5�[ _k����[D���_�@jPv���Ri�Q�z��Ή {�ֲM%Q�@�Low� @!�K�6�}�g힆��v[��;l�B�ll,JL#�ִ�_LZQ��Zɺ]/Q�c _��������n>=�3xO��]4Q�x�l�I�B����x�P�HJ;����?MD�Ja�abF�q�s�5]�G'���b����(��@ԒtR��/\�}�S��GP��� :-��1J�6b�{2�@9��oRU�oˎ� Have owner observe for 45 days Test bat or other wild animal. Strays may be unvaccinated and could be infected with rabies. (19-20A-6). Core vaccines for cats: Rabies – considered a core vaccine when required by law or wherever rabies is present; Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis (FVR) – herpes virus; Feline Panleukopenia (FP) – feline distemper; Feline Calicivirus (FCV) Noncore vaccines are given to certain cats based on factors such as lifestyle, environment and general health. Is Rabies Vaccine 100 effective for dogs? The early symptoms of rabies in people are not specific to rabies and may include fever, headache, general weakness, and discomfort that may include prickling or an itching sensation at the site of a bite. (19-20A-6). In cats, rabies is most often transmitted through a bite from an infected animal, but it can also be passed on when the saliva of an infected animal enters the cat's body through mucous membranes or an open, fresh wound. •Euthanize and test dog/cat/ferret/livestock for rabies if it becomes ill, with signs suggestive of rabies, or dies during quarantine period. People:  Avoid contact with unfamiliar animals, Animal Rabies Testing by County in Michigan: Present, Rabies Positive Animals in Michigan: 2021, Terrestrial Rabies In Michigan:  2003-present, Rabies Positive Animals in Michigan: 2020, Data and statistics from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, CDC Vital Signs: Rabies: Greatest Risk From Wildlife, Especially Bats, CDC MMWR: Vital Signs: Trends in Human Rabies Deaths and Exposures -- United States, 1938-2018, Poster: Rabies PEP Guidance for Healthcare Providers and Facilities, Michigan Rabies Assessment Flowchart:  When a Person has been Exposed, Michigan Rabies Assessment Flowchart:  When Animals have Bitten People or been Exposed, Michigan Rabies Assessment Flowchart:  Zoo or Exotic Animal Bites, Compendium of Animal Rabies Prevention and Control, 2016, ACIP Human Rabies Prevention—United States, 2008, ACIP Use of a Reduced (4-Dose) Vaccine Schedule for Postexposure Prophylaxis to Prevent Human Rabies, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Rabies Website, Communicable Disease Division Publication Order Form (Order rabies flowcharts, refrigerator magnets, brochures, or stickers free of charge for Michigan local health departments, healthcare providers, social service agencies, and others). In order for a dog or cat to be accepted at an animal hospital, veterinarian's office or boarding facility an owner or keeper of such animal shall show proof of current vaccination against rabies; provided however, that if a dog or cat has not been so vaccinated or such owner or keeper fails to show such proof the animal shall be vaccinated against rabies prior to being discharged if the animal's medical condition … Rabies Post-exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) is highly effective in preventing rabies in people possibly exposed to a rabid animal, if administered before symptoms develop. 2 New Rabies Cases Confirmed In Michigan ... and stray cats and dogs to protect against rabies. The first symptoms of rabies in animals are not specific to rabies and may include fever, lethargy, vomiting and lack of appetite. Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, the application for a license shall be accompanied by a valid certificate of a current vaccination for rabies, with a vaccine licensed by the United States department of agriculture, signed by an accredited veterinarian. (1) All dogs, cats, and ferrets 4 months of age or older must be vaccinated by a licensed veterinarian against rabies with a vaccine that is licensed by the United States Department of Agriculture for use in those species. Guidance Documents and Educational Materials. RABIES LAWS IN THE UNITED STATES as of 11/2014. Keep your pets under direct supervision so they do not come in contact with wild animals that may be carrying rabies. It is illegal to keep wild animals as pets, and wild animals may not be kept except by persons who possess Wildlife Rehabilitation permits. Over time, symptoms that are more specific to brain dysfunction appear and may include difficulty sleeping, anxiety, confusion, hallucinations, agitation, partial paralysis, difficulty swallowing, and hydrophobia (fear of water). <> Video: What happens when a human gets rabies? Skunks and red foxes are the next most likely species to contract rabies and there have been 3 cases of the bat-strain rabies in raccoons (1986, 1989, and 1997). Rabies vaccinations are $15 per animal. 1 0 obj For example, anyone bringing a dog or cat into Ohio must show proof of rabies vaccinations. Rabies vaccines are very effective and are usually given to kittens at three to four months of age. Rabies vaccination of cats is important for your safety as well as your cats. Within days, symptoms that are more specific to brain dysfunction appear and may include weakness, difficulty walking, paralysis, seizures, difficulty swallowing/excessive salivation, abnormal behavior and aggression. Rabies is a growing threat to cats and kittens. During 2000-2004, more cats than dogs were reported rabid in the United States. • MDNR’s position: “Feral cats can be freely hunted; hunter is responsible for determining if the cat is owned or wild” (Jason Abraham, MDNR, Furbearer Specialist) – “an unowned cat is undomesticated” • “Pet” an animal for which . Tests to detect virus and antibodies produced by the body against rabies virus are used to make a diagnosis of rabies in a person. Although pets often receive multiple vaccines, there is only one disease for which vaccination is required by law: RABIES.. Rabies can be prevented in pets and livestock through vaccination. Treatment at this stage is typically supportive. In people, the symptoms initially include fever, headache, and general weakness or discomfort. The Rabies Exposure Assessment Tree can be used as a guide for suspected rabies exposure in dogs, cats and ferrets. Since 1995 in the United States, more than 7,000 animals per year--most of them wild--have been diagnosed as having the Seek medical attention if bitten or scratched by a stray or wild animal. %PDF-1.7 Vaccinating pets prevents them from getting rabies and is one of the most effective ways in preventing rabies exposure in people. "Love your own, leave other animals alone" is a good principle for children to learn. In addition to those Ohio rabies laws, Ohio mandates rabies vaccinations of pets in certain circumstances. Seek medical attention for any bite wound so that proper treatment can be initiated. Rabies virus is contained in the saliva or brain tissue of a rabid animal. Though state law keeps dog owners on a relatively short leash, most Michigan cat owners have few legal obligations that they are required to meet. For SUBSEQUENT rabies vaccinations, current means administered by a veterinarian within 1 or 3 years from previous vaccination, depending on vaccine used. These symptoms may last for days. Minnesota, Kansas, and Ohio have no state law requiring pets to be vaccinated for rabies. stream (Cats and dogs only) Consult the Michigan Department of Oregon law requires all dogs to be vaccinated against rabies as early as three months of age. [3] Livestock: Consideration should be … Whoever is the owner or keeper of a dog or cat in the commonwealth six months of age or older shall cause such dog or cat to be vaccinated against rabies by a licensed veterinarian using a licensed vaccine according to the manufacturer s directions, and shall cause such dog or cat to be revaccinated at intervals recommended by the manufacturer. The likelihood of rabies in a domestic animal varies by region; hence, the need for postexposure prophylaxis also varies. Michigan law requires that dogs and ferrets be vaccinated for rabies; and it's advised for cats. Where can I find more information about rabies? Rabies is a deadly viral disease that infects the brain and spinal cord of mammals. They can cause serious injury, such as nerve or tendon damage, and the can lead to local and even systemic infections. <>/Metadata 993 0 R/ViewerPreferences 994 0 R>> Rabies vaccine is also recommended for all cats and any domestic livestock in contact with the public should be vaccinated if a licensed vaccine exists. Any mammal can be infected with rabies virus. This vaccine is valid for 3 years instead of the usual 1. The Oakland County Health Department confirmed that a cat in Birmingham was diagnosed with the rabies … The virus infects the central nervous system resulting in disease within the brain and then death. Bites from animals can be a risk for more than rabies. If your dog, cat, or ferret is not vaccinated, and is bitten by a stray or wild animal, the pet needs to be confined and observed for six months. Some states, such as New Jersey, mandate rabies vaccinations for dogs but not for cats. Any mammal is susceptible to rabies. 2. Many cats are also immunized against feline leukemia virus. Rabies: vaccinations are recommended for cats 4 months or older. How is rabies diagnosed in an animal or a person? Rabies is a fatal disease that is transmissible to any warm-blooded animal, including humans. Samples of serum, cerebral spinal fluid, saliva, and skin are necessary. Rabies is a fatal disease that is transmitted through the saliva and affects the nervous system. Do not try to nurse unfamiliar sick animals to health. There is no post-exposure treatment available for animals. If the MDH requests a rabies test, the animal must be euthanized and tested for rabies. Michigan law requires that dogs and ferrets must be vaccinated for rabies and it is recommended that all cats and any domestic livestock in contact with the public be vaccinated if a licensed vaccine exists. <> Ifanimal is NOT available, must proceed as if positive Once a person develops signs of rabies, survival is rare. Bites by some animals, such as a bat, can be minor and difficult to detect. BIRMINGHAM, MI - Oakland County health officials are urging pet owners to make sure their cats and dogs have up-to-date rabies vaccinations after a … Of onset pets protected with consistent rabies vaccines are given between 16 26! Certain circumstances vaccinations up-to-date for all cats to this clinic has introduced a bill that would require to! Not consistent throughout the United states consistent throughout the United states rabies before death has occurred local even. In these species samples of serum, cerebral spinal fluid, saliva, and sheep before,. 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