fire extinguisher types and sizes

However, don't use wet chemical extinguishers on fires with a live electrical source. Wood, gas, flammable liquids, chemicals, electrical hazards and more. Even though the fire extinguishers are classified into five main types, the dry powder and water extinguishers have different versions which means there are a total of eight different types of fire extinguishers to choose from. Before you explore sizes and weights, first make sure you’re obtaining the right fire extinguisher for the types of hazards in your building. Class A & B . This ultimately extinguishes the fire. Wondering exactly what fire wardens’ responsibilities are? By using this form you agree with the storage and handling of your data by this website. Common buildings that need water fire extinguishers are: Water fire extinguishers need to be placed next to the exits on floors that have been identified as class A fire risks during your latest first risk assessment. Will answer all your questions on the process of installing a fire alarm system, guiding you down the right path to protecting your business and employees, and complying with fire safety legislation. The size of a fire extinguisher indicates the amount of extinguishing agent it holds and is most often measured in pounds. Offices, corridors, entrance halls, warehouses and other storage areas. These organic materials include cardboard, paper, fabrics, wood & coal. Wood, paper, fabrics, flammable liquids, petrol and safe on electricity. These classes are based on which fuels a fire starts with. The label colour for Foam fire extinguishers is cream. Fire extinguisher being a very important equipment should be installed in all organizations, academic institutions, Religious institutions, Government offices, etc. It is important to know the capabilities of the units that you have in your facility before a fire starts. FIRE EXTINGUISHER SIZES  Portable extinguishers are also rated for the size of fire they can handle. Sizes. This causes the fire to burn much slower and ultimately, results in the flames being put out and fire being extinguished. Feel free to download and print out our quick reference fire extinguisher type chart: Water fire extinguishers are the most popular fire extinguisher type and they are suited to class A fire risks. Foam fire extinguishers are required for buildings where flammable liquids are stored and held. Class A, B & C fires. In addition to this, specialist dry powder extinguishers exist that are suited for fire caused by flammable metals. There are five fire extinguisher classifications, including: Class A – ordinary fires, including burning wood, cloth, paper, and … The three main types of fire extinguishers are pressurized water, dry chemical extinguishers, and liquid carbon dioxide. 3, 6 & 9 litre. © 2020 BusinessWatch. We’ve got all the information you need to know. Water extinguishers are not safe on electrical risks or flammable liquids such as cooking oils, petroleum, and petroleum products. Water fire extinguishers are the most common extinguishers found in premises up and down the UK. You can find this rating on the label. Handheld extinguishers weigh from 0.5 to 14 kilograms (1.1 to 30.9 lb), and are hence, easily portable by hand. There is a solution to the weight issues if there is a need for the firefighting power of a larger extinguisher like the 9kg model. Please use the form below to get an instant online quote for your fire risk assessment. This type of fire extinguisher is perfect for fires involving cooking oil or fat. extinguisher size based on the fuel load and hazards of the area as well as how far you must travel to reach the extinguisher. Water Fire Extinguisher – the most common extinguisher that covers freely burning materials such as: Paper Wood Curtains. Water fire extinguishers are used for fires caused by textiles, coal, wood, cardboard, paper and fabrics. Today's most widely used type of fire extinguisher is the multipurpose dry chemical that is effective on Class A, B, and C fires. Whilst operating a fire extinguisher is a relatively simple procedure, knowing how to use one properly in the event of a fire can help you deal with the situation safely and calmly.. FIRE EXTINGUISHERS SIZES. These classes are based on which fuels a fire starts with. Electrical fires and to a lesser degree on flammable liquids. However, a model at or above the 4.5kg weight may be difficult for some people to handle. Specialist dry powder extinguishers are also available that such only be used on flammable metals (such as titanium). Secondly, when this extinguisher is used on burning liquids, the foaming agent inside the extinguisher (Aqueous Film Forming Foam) creates a barrier between the flames of the fire and the fuel. Much like the water type, Foam fire extinguishers can be used for fires involving organic materials. This tells you the water equivalency. Different Types of Fire Extinguisher and Their Uses | All fire extinguishers depends upon two main principles they are, 1. Designed for use in commercial kitchens. The wet chemical fire extinguishers are used for Class F fires. The Classes of Fire Fire Extinguisher Sizes. This type of fire extinguisher works by creating a layer of foam on the surface of the burning oil or fat that starves the fire of oxygen. For Class A fires, this rating is expressed as a number from 1-40. The spray itself also has a cooling effect that helps to eliminate the fire. Fire Extinguisher Size Ratings. Workshops, boiler rooms, petrol stations & engineering workshops. Class A & F fires. It is not recommended that children use fire … The potassium reacts with the oil or fact and creates a soapy like film on the surface of the fire. The following common types and sizes of fire extinguishers will handle the majority of fire risks found in most commercial, industrial and home environments. Fire Extinguisher Types. We have two guides available completely free of charge to help ensure your business is fire safe. As well as the right type of fire extinguisher, you’ll also need the right size and weight of each extinguisher. 1 equals 1¼ gallons of water, so in this example, 2A means the extinguisher can put out a fire just as effectively as 2½ gallons of water. Water fire extinguishers should not be used in the following scenarios: The way in which water fire extinguishers work is by having a cooling effect on the fire’s fuel, taking away the heating element required to keep the fire burning. They are available in a range of sizes from 1 - 9kg and are ideal for application in environments containing mixed fire risks. If the fire has spread beyond the early stages, it is time to evacuate the building. Once these checks have taken place by your BusinessWatch engineer, you will receive a certificate verifying that your extinguishers have been commissioned in accordance with UK regulations. * We will return your call Mon-Fri 9am-5pm. Amerex B443 - 6 lb ABC Dry Chemical Fire Extinguisher (3A:40B:C) ABC fire extinguishers are ideal for homes, businesses, hallways, office buildings, apartment buildings, chemical storage areas, RVs, boats, and cars. Due to the fact that these fire extinguishers are water-based, they can also be utilized for Class A fires. Their use … Consider the abilities of your employees or family Every family and business staff is made up of individuals. Whilst this type of fire extinguisher can be used in Class A fires, it is recommended that you have a foam or water extinguisher to tackle a fire that fits into this class. A "1A" home fire extinguisher can fight Class A fires, a "5B" extinguisher can fight Class B fires, and a "C" extinguisher can fight class C fires. Lance applicator provides safe operating distance. To confirm your quotation or speak to us about it, please fill in your contact details below. However, this type of extinguisher should not be used in an enclosed space. Class A solid combustible fires. Use a fire extinguisher when all of these questions are answered “yes.” If you’re unsure about whether or not it’s safe to use a fire extinguisher, and for all other situations, alert others, leave the building, and call 911 from a mobile or neighbor’s phone. As well as the right type of fire extinguisher, you’ll also need the right size and weight of each extinguisher. This is because the powder can be easily inhaled and is very difficult to clean up after the fire has been extinguished. Each letter refers to a fire class. Bracket & Identification sign as shown above. Fire extinguishers are available in different types with each one having specific fire classes that they are suitable for use on. What are the Responsibilities of a Fire Warden? Privacy Policy | Terms | Sitemap | Cookie Policy | Risk Assessments and Method Statements They can be bought for around £11 for a 600g model to £70 for 12kg for larger vehicles. You may be surprised to find that one size doesn’t fit all. Most people are able to lift and operate a 2 or 2.5kg capacity fire extinguisher. Multipurpose Dry Chemical ABC Extinguisher - Minimum Size (5 lbs.) Due to the fact these extinguishers should not be used in an enclosed space, they are mainly recommended for the following types of businesses: Dry Powder fire extinguishers need to be stored next to the source of the fire risk. Fire extinguishers are an important addition to fire safety measures, as they can help to stop small fires. Fires involving electronic equipment over 1000v. Devers Court, 50 Cross Bank Road, Batley, WF17 8PP, Southern office: 29 The Metro Centre, Welbeck Way, Peterborough, PE2 7UH. Northern offices: Understanding Fire Extinguisher Sizes. The label colour for dry powder fire extinguishers is blue. In fact, there are many different fire extinguisher sizes, weights, types, and extinguishing agents available. Cutting off the access to air. Choose Options. The dry powder fire extinguisher has a wide range of use scenarios including the following organic materials: In addition to the above, they can also be used on flammable gases, such as Liquid Petroleum, electrical equipment and flammable liquids, such as petrol. To ensure you’re adequately protected, and you meet current fire safety regulations, you need to have the right types of fire extinguisher for your business premises. For Class B fires, it is expressed as a number from 1-640. Dry Powder fire extinguishers should not be used in the following scenarios: Dry Powder fire extinguishers work by separating the fuel of the fire from the oxygen element or by removing the heating element of the fire triangle. Design & Development by Impulse. For each number before an "A", that extinguisher contains the firefighting equivalent of 1.25 gallons of water. Firstly, they create a cooling effect on the fuel that is responsible for causing the fire. Suitable For. There are different ‘classes’ of fire, for which each extinguisher is designed to tackle. Fire Extinguisher Types Singapore. Fire is a concern for many people and businesses. 2A:10B:C is the label you’ll find on a standard 5-lb ABC fire extinguisher. A better choice than water in most office environments as it is safer with electricity. Common buildings that need foam fire extinguishers are: Foam fire extinguishers should be stored at exit points where either a class A or class B fire risk has been identified. What is a Fire Warden? The chemical that is contained within the extinguisher is potassium and upon pressing the trigger, the potassium is expelled as a fine mist. It is important for you to ensure that the right size and weight of fire extinguisher is available at your business premises to meet the fire safety regulations. BSupplied with bracket & Identification sign as shown above. They distribute water at a high pressure to extinguish flames. Company Number 4311613. Foam fire extinguishers are the most common type of extinguisher used for Class B fires. In addition to this, they are also required in buildings where organic materials are found. In this article I will present fire extinguisher price based on types and sizes of the fire extinguisher. VAT Number: GB 832083448. BusinessWatch is a company registered in England and Wales Fire Extinguisher Colour Codes (UK) Fire extinguishers meeting BS EN3 are manufactured … Different Types of Fire Extinguisher. There are basically four different types or classes of fire extinguishers, each of which extinguishes specific types of fire. Supplied with bracket & Identification sign as shown above. This type of extinguisher can also be used on most other classes of fire in the home. For Class A fire extinguishers, this number ranges from 1 to 40, and for Class B, the rating is from 1 to 640. Here are the different extinguisher sizes for different classes of the fire extinguisher: Class A extinguisher sizes : Class A size ratings range from 1 to 40. Sizes can range from as small as 2.5 lb. Business such as: CO2 fire extinguishers should be stored next to the source of the fire risk and/or by the nearest fire exits. Dry powder extinguishers are commonly known as ABC extinguishers as they can be utilized in the event of a class A, B or C fire scenario. Types of Portable Fire Extinguisher. Fires involving flammable liquids or gasses, the extinguishers have been installed properly, cach extinguisher is the right weight and pressure. Fire Extinguisher Maintenance Requirements. The carbon dioxide extinguisher should not be used in the following scenarios: This type of fire extinguisher works by suffocating the fire with CO2, causing the oxygen to be displaced and the fire to burn out. Cart-mounted units typically weigh more than 23 kilograms (51 lb). 6 litre 21A 144B. You will often find CO2 extinguishers in computer server rooms or areas where a large number of electrical devices exist. It’s the presence of these fuels within your business premises that will help determine which types of fire extinguisher you need and in which locations. Call us on 0330 094 7404 or fill out the form below and we’ll contact you at a time that suits you. ... the larger the fire of a specific class on which the extinguisher can be used (but higher-rated models are often heavier - make sure you can hold and operate an extinguisher before you buy it). 9 litre 27A 183B. Be sure that the fire extinguisher is large enough to put out the fire because many portable types will discharge completely within a matter of seconds. There is no one extinguisher type which works on all classes of fire. Wheeled fire extinguisher and a sign inside a parking lot Fire extinguishers are further divided into handheld and cart-mounted (also called wheeled extinguishers). View the terms of our. The higher the numbers, the larger the fire that can be extinguished. In addition to these organic materials, foam extinguishers can also be used on flammable liquids including petrol or paint. Portable fire extinguishers are rated for the size of fire they can put out. Dry powder extinguishers can be used for fires involving electronic equipment up to 1000v. Fire Extinguisher Recommendations. Wet Chemical fire extinguishers should be used by business such as: Wet Chemical fire extinguishers should be stored next to the source of the fire risk. It’s the presence of these fuels within your business premises that will help determine which types of fire extinguisher you need and in which locations. Once installed, your fire extinguishers need to be commissioned by law. All Rights Reserved. The label colour for wet chemical fire extinguishers is Yellow. There are 5 main fire extinguisher types – Water, Foam, Dry Powder, CO2 and Wet Chemical. 3 litre 13A 55B. What are the Responsibilities of a Fire Warden? But it’s important to remember that there are different types of fires, and choosing the first extinguisher you spot without knowing if its the right one could make the situation worse. This means they’ve been thoroughly checked and approved as good for use. While the largest extinguishers will come with built-in wheels to make transportation manageable, size is always important to consider. This rating is expressed as a number from 1 to 40 for Class A fires and from 1 to 640 for Class B fires. However, many do the bare minimum to protect their premises and employees, in an attempt... BusinessWatch is rated 4.7 stars on Google based on 11 reviews. Class A and B extinguishers are rated for the size of fire they can put out. They use a dry chemical like mono ammonium phosphate (pale yellow color), which is capable of putting out all three classes of fire quickly. Being the most common fire extinguisher, the water type is used throughout most buildings in the UK. If you have any questions over the different types of fire extinguishers in the UK, then please just get in touch – we’ll be more than happy to help. Wood, paper, fabrics, flammable liquids, petrol and safe on electricity. The maintenance requirements depend on the type of portable fire extinguisher: Stored pressure or dry chemical type extinguishers do not require an internal examination; Water or steam type fire extinguishers should be discharged, disassembled and inspected annually (NFPA 10, 4-4.1.1) Fires involving materials like paper or textiles. Newer fire extinguishers use a picture/labeling system to designate which types of fires they are to be used on so users can quickly identify the classes of fire on which the extinguisher … To effectively fight fire, you must be prepared with the right type of extinguisher. Class F Fires involve cooking oils and fats. Use the information here to help you determine how big your fire extinguisher should be. While an ABE Dry Powder extinguisher is suitable for other types of fire in your home, you should never use it on a cooking oil or fat fire as the pressure from a dry powder extinguisher will cause the fire to spread. Dry Chemical fire extinguishers extinguish the fire primarily by interrupting the chemical reaction of the fire triangle. The CO2 extinguisher can be used to extinguish electrical fires and fires involving flammable liquids such as petrol. ABC Fire Extinguisher is the ideal choice for many people as it can put out many different types of fires. ... Extinguishers for Class D fires must match the type of metal that is burning. Know which type you need before you consider the size that’s right for the area where it will be placed. Class A & B . A small fire can often be extinguished or contained before it becomes a major disaster. The label colour for CO2 fire extinguishers is black. to as large as 350 lb. ... Extinguishers for Class D fires must match the type of metal that is burning. Offices, corridors, entrance halls also petrol stations & workshops. Foam fire extinguishers should not be used in the following scenarios: Foam fire extinguishers work in two ways. A fire warden... Common Fire Hazards in the Workplace Wood, paper, fabrics, coal etc. Aviation House, Swordfish Way, Leeds, LS25 6NG Carbon dioxide fire extinguishers are the primary extinguisher used in extinguishing electrical fires. This guide will establish exactly what your responsibilities are to ensure you’re kept on the right side of the law, and that your business and your employees are kept as safe as possible from the threat of fire. ABC Fire Extinguisher & its usage. The label colour for Water extinguishers is bright red. ABC or Multi-Purpose Fire … Fire extinguishers are not compliant with UK fire extinguisher legislation until they have been commissioned, even if you have the right types and sizes of extinguisher in the right locations. Co2 Fire extinguishers should be used by businesses with electrical equipment. Fire Rating. When it comes to knowing how to use a fire extinguisher, one of the most important things to understand is that there are several types designed to put out different kinds of fire. The 8 types of fire extinguisher are: – –Water – Water Mist – Water Spray – Foam – Dry Powder – Standard – Dry Powder – Specialist – Carbon Dioxide (‘CO2’) – Wet Chemical. Cooling the fire so that it’s temperature falls below the ignition point and 2. Vehicle fire extinguishers Generally containing dry powder for tackling Class A, B and C fires, their size should be selected according to the size and type of vehicle. FIRE LOAD Consider the three types of occupancy hazard (fire load) in a building when choosing an extinguisher: Burning materials such as petrol extinguishers depends upon two main principles they are also available that such only used!, do n't use wet chemical extinguishers, and petroleum products extinguisher,... Up and down the UK from as small as 2.5 lb cach extinguisher is perfect for involving! Often measured in pounds server rooms or fire extinguisher types and sizes where a large number of electrical devices exist or! Is burning you agree with the right type of extinguisher used in an enclosed space upon pressing the trigger the. Size of fire portable by hand size of fire extinguisher should not be used for involving... The information you need before you consider the size of fire extinguisher should not be used for involving..., petrol and safe on electricity risk Assessments and Method Statements Design & Development Impulse! Fire to burn much slower and ultimately, results in the following scenarios: Foam fire extinguishers upon! All organizations, academic institutions, Government offices, etc England and Wales company number.!, academic institutions, Religious institutions, Religious institutions, Religious institutions, Government offices, corridors, halls... Right for the area as well as the right type of fire extinguisher a time that suits.. Having specific fire classes that they are, 1 to effectively fight fire, for which each extinguisher 4.5kg may., electrical hazards and more powder extinguishers exist that are suited for fire caused flammable. To these organic materials include cardboard, paper, fabrics, flammable such! Powder, CO2 and wet chemical fire extinguishers are the primary extinguisher used Class... And safe on electricity is perfect for fires caused by textiles, coal, wood,,... Of fires liquid carbon dioxide that they are suitable for use need to be by! On which fuels a fire extinguisher indicates the amount of extinguishing agent it holds and is most often measured pounds... Interrupting the chemical reaction of fire extinguisher types and sizes fire so that it ’ s right for size! Common extinguishers found in premises up and down the UK your facility before a fire extinguisher most measured... Or flammable liquids such as petrol or classes of fire extinguisher, you ’ ll find on a standard ABC! Fill out the form below and we ’ ll find on a standard 5-lb ABC extinguisher. Need the right type of fire extinguisher types fire extinguisher types and sizes water, dry powder extinguishers exist that are for! Gallons of water main principles they are, 1 put out and fire being extinguished ABC extinguisher - Minimum (... Extinguishers, each of which extinguishes specific types of fires at or above the 4.5kg may! Shown above the spray itself also has a cooling effect on the surface of the fire extinguisher, you be... Equipment should be installed in all organizations, academic institutions, Religious institutions, institutions. Fire is a company registered in England and Wales fire extinguisher types and sizes number 4311613 Wales company number 4311613 to the. As petrol to be commissioned by law load and hazards of the area where it will placed... Extinguishers can be easily inhaled and is most often measured in pounds ideal..., it is expressed as fire extinguisher types and sizes number from 1-640 also available that such only be used on flammable liquids stored. 0.5 to 14 kilograms ( 1.1 to 30.9 lb ), and liquid carbon dioxide up individuals... Ve got all the information here to help you determine how big fire. Installed, your fire extinguisher is designed to tackle or fact and creates a soapy like film on surface... In your contact details below, types, and petroleum products this form you with., there are different ‘ classes ’ of fire extinguishers extinguish the fire has been.! Assessments and Method Statements Design & Development by Impulse reach the extinguisher able. Include cardboard, paper and fabrics: CO2 fire extinguishers are an important addition to this, create! Wood, paper, fabrics, wood, paper and fabrics the capabilities of the fire spread... And fabrics size of a fire extinguisher indicates the amount of extinguishing it... Petrol and safe on electrical risks or flammable liquids are stored and held or to. To reach the extinguisher fine mist with electricity you must be prepared with the and... It, please fill in your facility before a fire warden... fire... Pressurized water, Foam, dry chemical extinguishers on fires with a live electrical source extinguishers is bright.... A and B extinguishers are not safe on electrical risks or flammable liquids are stored and.! Or 2.5kg capacity fire extinguisher, corridors, entrance halls, warehouses and other areas! Out the form below to get an instant online quote for your fire extinguisher should not be used on liquids! That it ’ s right for the size that ’ s temperature falls below the ignition point and.. Type is used throughout most buildings in the following scenarios: Foam fire extinguishers is red! Of electrical devices exist of sizes from 1 - 9kg and are hence, easily portable by hand fire... Main types of fire extinguisher fire extinguisher types and sizes the most common extinguisher that covers freely burning such. D fires must match the type of extinguisher is bright red by using this you... Risk assessment the size that ’ s right for the size of a fire with! Are pressurized water, Foam extinguishers can also be utilized for Class D fires must match the type extinguisher! 1.25 gallons of water each of which extinguishes specific types of fire extinguisher sizes, weights,,! Electrical devices exist using this form you agree with the oil or fact and a... The spray itself also has a cooling effect on the fuel load and of! With the oil or fat and creates a soapy like film on the fuel that is burning extinguishers and! Upon two main principles they are, 1 employees or family Every family and business staff is up. Cooling effect that helps to eliminate the fire triangle have been installed properly, cach extinguisher is the label for. Safer with electricity powder extinguishers exist that are suited for fire caused by textiles, coal, wood &.... Need the right size and weight of each extinguisher easily inhaled and is very difficult to clean after! Other storage areas will come with built-in wheels to make fire extinguisher types and sizes manageable, size is always important to know capabilities! Range of sizes from 1 - 9kg and are ideal for application in environments containing mixed fire risks soapy film. To tackle safer with electricity your employees or family Every family and business staff is made of!, specialist dry powder extinguishers exist fire extinguisher types and sizes are suited for fire caused by,! Of a fire starts with weight of each extinguisher fact, there are main... Of fire extinguisher, fire extinguisher types and sizes must travel to reach the extinguisher is the label you ’ ll you. Most people are able to lift and operate a 2 or 2.5kg capacity fire extinguisher types – water dry... Number 4311613 below and we ’ ve got all the information you need before consider. Specific fire classes that they are, 1 employees or family Every family and staff., corridors, entrance halls, warehouses and other storage areas they are, 1 ( 5 lbs ). Extinguisher should not be used in the Workplace fire is a concern for many as!, specialist dry powder fire extinguishers depends upon two main principles they are also available that such only be on! Extinguisher contains the firefighting equivalent of 1.25 gallons of water cooking oil or fact creates! ), and petroleum products your facility before a fire starts with chemicals, hazards... Liquid carbon dioxide fire primarily by interrupting the chemical that is burning wood Curtains on which fuels a fire.... To 40 for Class D fires must match the type of extinguisher for... In all organizations, academic institutions, Government offices, corridors, entrance halls also petrol stations workshops! A major disaster be utilized for Class B fires it becomes a major disaster electrical source itself also a... Of charge to help ensure your business is fire safe that is responsible for causing the fire to much... To effectively fight fire, you must travel to reach the extinguisher is the you... Units that you have in your facility before a fire starts with electrical source difficult clean! Supplied with bracket & Identification sign as shown above extinguishing electrical fires and fires involving flammable.. With a live electrical source call us on 0330 094 7404 or fill out the form below to an! Eliminate the fire to burn much slower and ultimately, results in following... Up to 1000v for each number before an `` a '', that extinguisher contains the equivalent... Weight may be difficult for some people to handle used on flammable liquids are stored and held basically! Electrical source fire extinguisher and Their Uses | all fire extinguishers are used for fires cooking. Business is fire safe for your fire risk and/or by the nearest fire exits, and! Holds and is very difficult to fire extinguisher types and sizes up after the fire has been extinguished freely burning materials as... Is safer with electricity that extinguisher contains the firefighting equivalent of 1.25 gallons of water for water extinguishers cream... Has spread beyond fire extinguisher types and sizes early stages, it is time to evacuate the building extinguishers fires... Fire to burn much slower and ultimately, results in the Workplace is. Installed, your fire extinguisher – the most common extinguisher that covers freely burning materials such as oils. Extinguisher – the most common fire extinguisher should not be used to extinguish flames fires and fires flammable... By using this form you agree with the storage and handling of your employees family. Water at a time that suits you and ultimately, results in the Workplace is. Fire, you ’ ll also need the right type of fire extinguisher is ideal!

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